A podcast for those that desire to learn how to teach the Bible line upon line, and precept upon precept, in a Systematic and comprehensive way.
Book of Judges: Lesson 5
Rev. Jeremy Walker
1. God Uses Evil Nations To Test His People Obedience
1 Now these are the nations which the Lord left, to prove Israel by them, even as many of Israel as had not known all the wars of Canaan;
2 Only that the generations of the children of Israel might know, to teach them war, at the least such as before knew nothing thereof;
3 Namely, five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath.
4 And they were to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the Lord, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.
2. Mixed Marriages and Oppression Begins
5 And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, Hittites, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites:
6 And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their gods.
7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord, and forgat the Lord their God, and served Baalim and the groves.
8 Therefore the anger of the Lord was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushanrishathaim eight years.
3. Othniel the First Judge
9 And when the children of Israel cried unto the Lord, the Lord raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother.
10 And the Spirit of the Lord came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and the Lord delivered Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushanrishathaim.
11 And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.
4. God Strengthen’s King Eglon
12 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the Lord: and the Lord strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the Lord.
13 And he gathered unto him the children of Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel, and possessed the city of palm trees.
14 So the children of Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years.
Important Doctrines Being Taught:
1. Men and nations hold power and positions in the world only by permission of God and according to His choice.
2. God withholds judgement on evil men and nations in order to test His people.
3. Religiously mixed marriages cause men and women to changes their religious allegiances and moral standards.
4. When God’s people cease to obey His commandments He is angered and He will punish them.
5. When God’s people refuse to use their power and positions according to God’s commandments He will put evil men in positions of power over them.
6. God is very merciful to His children even when they do not deserve it.
7. God raises men and nations to power to overthrow other men and nations in His time and according to His plan and purposes.
8. When men are prosperous and at peace they forget God and begin to do as they please.
Jeremy Walker: 00:00 You’re listening to the Moral Foundations Podcast, and I’m your host, Reverend Jeremy Walker. Today on this episode of Moral Foundations, we will be continuing our series on the Book of Judges. We’re going to be going into lesson five here in the Book of Judges. We’re going to be reading from the King James Version as we go through this, and we’re going to give you some tips and hints about how to teach the Bible, because that’s what Moral Foundations is all about, about how to teach the Bible systematically and how to properly understand the Bible itself. Basically, allowing scripture to help you understand other scriptures in general.
Jeremy Walker: 00:39 Of course, whenever you’re teaching this to your students or to your children, this stuff is very important to take your time and to make sure that your listeners and your students and your children are properly understanding you.
Jeremy Walker: 00:52 We’re going to go ahead and start with the Moral Foundations Podcast here at reading from Judges 3:1-14.
Jeremy Walker: 01:00 “Now these are the nations which the Lord left to prove Israel by them. Even as many of Israel as had not known all the wars of Canaan, only that the generations of the children of Israel might know, to teach them more. At the least such as before, knew nothing thereof. Namely, five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites and the Sidonites and the Hivites that dwell in Mount Lebanon from Mount Baalhermon unto the entering of Hamath. And they were to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the Lord, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses. And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, Hittites and Amorites and Perizzites, the Hivites, the Jebusites.
Jeremy Walker: 01:45 “And they took their daughters to be their wives and gave their daughters to their sons and served their gods. And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord, and forgot the Lord their God, and served Baalim and the groves. Therefore, the anger of the Lord was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushanrishathaim, King of Mesopotamia, and the children of Israel served Chushanrishathaim eight years.
Jeremy Walker: 02:12 “And when the children of Israel cried unto the Lord, the Lord raised up and delivered to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel, the son of Kenaz, Caleb, his younger brother. And the spirit of the Lord came upon him and he judged Israel, and went out to war.
Jeremy Walker: 02:30 “And the Lord delivered Chushanrishathaim, King of Mesopotamia into his hand. And his hand prevailed against Chushanrishathaim. And the land had rest 40 years, and Othniel, the son of Kenaz died.
Jeremy Walker: 02:43 “And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the Lord. And the Lord strengthened Eglon, the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the Lord. And he gathered unto him the children of Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel and possessed the city of palm trees. So the children of Israel served Eglon, the king of Moab, 18 years.”
Jeremy Walker: 03:08 That’s a good place to stop. That is Judges 3:1-14. This is comprised of a couple of different sections, and as you’re the teacher or the parent or the pastor, whatever you might be, it’s important to understand in scripture, everything comes in blocks, especially the historical aspects of it like here in the Book of Judges.
Jeremy Walker: 03:31 The first part will be verses one through four, and this basic part, these first four verses, is God uses evil nations to test his people’s obedience. Kind of like what’s going on there in those first four. The next section will be verses five through eight, where mixed marriages and oppression then begin. There’s a third section here, verses nine through 11, where Othniel is the first judge, so this is where the very first judge is introduced. The last part is verses 12-14, where God strengthens King Eglon.
Jeremy Walker: 04:08 Now, part of Moral Foundations is to have people who are reading and who want to be able to, number one, understand what they’re reading. They have to actually read the Bible. That’s kind of where you start. It sounds obvious, but it’s not always obvious to people.
Jeremy Walker: 04:24 Number two is, you should be reading the Bible, not just yourself, but to your students and to your children. Now, depending on how old they are and how much time you have, it kind of depends on how many verses that you want to cover at a time. I found typically when doing these with my own children, that covering 14 verses or whatever like we’re doing here, usually not a problem, especially when we’re having these concepts, where it’s a historical narrative, there’s things going on. Typically, it’s easy to follow with these types of 14 versus when it’s a historical narrative, but other parts of the Bible are not as easy.
Jeremy Walker: 05:01 I found that to be the case myself, Book of Proverbs is a good example for them. It’s not a narrative. Then you have the Book of Psalms, also not a narrative, not a historical record of sorts.
Jeremy Walker: 05:15 Depending on your age group, the content itself, you can change how many verses that you cover, and when you cover them based on your time limits and all the rest, and your audience.
Jeremy Walker: 05:26 Those are some very helpful tips for those people who are hoping to teach the Bible successfully to their children and to their students. Those two things are going to be very important. Now, there are other times as well, like if you work in a school like myself, where I would not sit down and read the Bible verses to the students, or to the children in a group setting, that I do like at my school, we teach Bible time twice a day, but we don’t sit down and we don’t read the Bible verses as I just did.
Jeremy Walker: 05:58 Now, what’ll happen is that the Bible teacher, like myself or one of the people that I’m training, they would read the Bible verses themselves and then they would take this content and put it into common language. You’re not going to be using all these big words. Sometimes you don’t even use the big names that you had us go through here. That’s something that, one of the other episodes we talked about, is not to get stuck too much on things like that. Recitation of names and proper pronunciation are good, but let’s face it, these things are distracting and can be difficult to focus on. If you can pronounce everything, great. Go ahead and use it. If you can’t, not a big deal when you’re teaching to larger groups and crowds and things like that.
Jeremy Walker: 06:40 Now, putting things into plain language is very important. Now, the reason why I say there’s two different aspects here, the one aspect is when you’re sitting down in a small group, like personal Bible time with me and my children, I want to be able to teach my children how to read the Bible for themselves. That’s the goal. If they pick up the Bible and they read it for themselves, they should be able to read it in, let’s say, King James Version here, and should be able to understand the language and the content and then get the meanings from it themselves.
Jeremy Walker: 07:14 Going through this and explaining this, helping them expand their vocabulary, helping them understand the way that the King James Version, or the Bible phrases things, or things that it’s talking about, that really will help along the way, is a very important and big tip.
Jeremy Walker: 07:33 Moving on, what we have here is a couple things here on Moral Foundations, we’re trying to teach people how to teach the Bible systematically, and that means you’re going to come across doctrines that you didn’t know were there. These doctrines are going to be inherent in the text itself, but whenever people are talking about certain issues and certain things they, they have their key little Bible verses they like to go to, if they wanted to look up something where God’s predestination or a baptism, or whatever the topic might be.
Jeremy Walker: 08:07 Then, there’s certain Bible verses they like to go to, these key Bible verses that … As the foundational points of their positions, whatever it might be. Now, the important part to understand for our listeners, is that that’s not how the Bible works. The Bible is not a topical index where you can sit down and go, okay, what does God have to say about marriage, and what does God have to say about this and that. That’s not how it works.
Jeremy Walker: 08:34 The entire Bible itself, yes, there are certain places where certain subjects are talked about and discussed, but that’s not how the Bible works. When you sit down and start reading, you’re going to find that there’s a lot of doctrines out there that you were unaware of, that were all throughout different books of the Bible and is teaching different things.
Jeremy Walker: 08:52 I came across that myself in particular in the Book of Psalms, it’s very fascinating to read that, and people like to think of the Book of Psalms is a book of poetry, and songs and things like that, but it’s really not. It’s densely packed with biblical doctrines from top to bottom. Going through it myself with my children has been very interesting, because it’s different when you’re teaching somebody, than when you’re just reading yourself.
Jeremy Walker: 09:21 We’ve buffered ourselves there. Let’s go over some important doctrines that are covered here in this passage. Then, we’re going to discuss it a little bit more as we go.
Jeremy Walker: 09:33 Now, these first 14 verses, they have about eight doctrines that I pulled out, which I have found that you’d want to talk about whenever you’re teaching these types of verses. The reason why we’re going through this, because I want to show people what we’re talking about here, and how this has done. The reason for it is, because your students and your children will better properly understand the Bible, and when a subject comes up, they’ll be able to go, oh yeah, I remember reading in whatever book of the Bible it was. They’re going to find these new ways that the Bible teaches doctrines, so that they can properly form good doctrine, and have sound doctrine from the Bible, because of the way that they know to read the Bible itself.
Jeremy Walker: 10:14 Letting the Bible teach you what God wants you to learn. Number one, important doctrines being taught here is that men and nations hold power and positions in the world, only by permission of God, and according to his choice. We see that here with these nations, God leaves them on purpose. We see the very beginning, to prove Israel, to see if they would obey God or not. The very beginning, we start to see that.
Jeremy Walker: 10:44 In other words, all of these nations didn’t just stay there because they were there on their own, because God couldn’t drive them out. He left them on there on purpose. In other words, no one holds positions of power and authority except by permission of God. Now, that has far-reaching consequences and is very important, especially when you’re talking about modern day politics or historical politics, or wars, or terrible tragedies, evil despots that were in charge.
Jeremy Walker: 11:17 You have to remember that God’s hand is in charge of all of these things, all of them. The good things that happened, the bad things that happened. All things happen only by the providence and permission of God.
Jeremy Walker: 11:30 This is one thing that’s being taught. When you have your students or your children, they need to understand that you don’t have to worry about what’s going on in the world, thinking it’s out of control. It’s not out of control. When there are political regimes and there’s evil people that seem to be in control, God is behind them, allowing these things to take place.
Jeremy Walker: 11:50 Instead of asking ourselves, why is it these people are in charge, we should be saying, asking yourselves, what does God want us to learn about this?
Jeremy Walker: 11:59 Now, moving on to number two, doctrines I found here, is that God withholds judgment on evil men and nations in order to test his people.
Jeremy Walker: 12:09 This is very, very important, and something that you’re going to find all throughout the Bible, that God does. Not only does he give people authority and power and positions that are not good people, but he also purposefully withholds it. These are people who deserve to get in trouble. The things that they’re doing are evil, but God will restrain his hand, just to test his own people.
Jeremy Walker: 12:34 When you look around the world and say, why are all these bad things allowed to take place? Why don’t evil people always seem to get what’s coming to them? If you think that for some reason, the world is poetically justiced, it’s not poetic justice. People don’t always get what they deserve right here and now. The Book of Job is a book that I went through with my children, and that book is so packed full of doctrines, it’s amazing really.
Jeremy Walker: 12:58 Now, even the resurrection, if you didn’t know that, but Job even talks about how he’s going to see God in his flesh after he died. The physical resurrection was taught way back in the Book of Job, not New Testament stuff.
Jeremy Walker: 13:13 Anyways, in Job, it talks about how Job looked around and there were evil people who lived long, prosperous lives, singing, drinking, eating, seeming to be happy, and then good people got sick and died and had horrible things happen to them. In other words, the world is not full of poetic justice. It’s full of God’s decrees, just like Job’s children when all of them died.
Jeremy Walker: 13:41 Your students need to understand this. Evil people prosper temporarily, but not because God isn’t paying attention, but because it’s a test. Are you going to listen to me and do what I told you, or are you going to be persuaded that you can prosper by disobeying God?
Jeremy Walker: 14:05 Moving on to number three, the next doctrine I have here is religiously mixed marriages cause men and women to change their religious allegiances and their moral standards. This is very important. Like I said, all these doctrines are tied into here. This isn’t necessarily talking about marriage per se, it’s talking about a nation.
Jeremy Walker: 14:29 When you’re reading these things, this is something that when people give marriage advice, what kind of person should I be looking to to marry, and this kind of an idea, it’s very clear here from this example, what happens to people if you decide to try to get involved with or marry someone, who does not have the same Christian faith. They are going to cause that person to change allegiances and their moral standards, and because of that, judgment’s going to come. God forbids his people from religiously mixed marriages.
Jeremy Walker: 15:03 In other words, this is somebody who has a different moral standard. If God’s people’s standard is thou shall not commit adultery, and they’re marrying somebody who says adultery is okay if I no longer have love for the person, or God says thou shall not steal, but the other person has viewpoints that, if a person has too much, if they’re too rich, then theft of that person’s property is okay.
Jeremy Walker: 15:28 Now, these types of things are very important, but this doctrine is very clearly taught here. People who marry people of a different faith are going to change their allegiance from God to something else.
Jeremy Walker: 15:42 Number four, that we have here, that I pulled out, was that when God’s people cease to obey his commandments, he is angered and he will punish them. Now, this has happened quite a bit throughout the Bible and this is something that you would definitely have to pay attention to. It says here that Israel, he first of all kept them, the people in the land, to test them, to see if they were going to keep the commandments or not, and they didn’t.
Jeremy Walker: 16:09 They first started by marrying people that they shouldn’t marry, and then they began to do evil in the sight of God, whether they began to worship other gods, began to serve Baalim and the groves, in here. Because of that, because they broke God’s commandments, because they decided to marry people they shouldn’t, God was angered by this.
Jeremy Walker: 16:32 It’s a very important doctrine. People need to understand this, that God is not going to sit back and allow his people just to get away with it. The Bible is very clear. It says that those that God loves, he also chastises. King David’s a good example of that. He was, and is, one of God’s people, one of the saints, but whenever he murdered a man and stole his wife, he did not get away with it. He was punished by God.
Jeremy Walker: 16:59 This is something that your children and students need to understand, is that God’s commandments and what God’s standard is, is not something we can play around with. It’s something that they have to obey. In other words, simply put, good things happen to you when you obey God, bad things happen to you when you don’t.
Jeremy Walker: 17:17 Moving onto number five, when God’s people refuse to use their power and positions according to God’s commandments, he will put evil men in positions of power over them. Now, this is seen here where the first judge comes in, where the very first guy from Mesopotamia, the first king of Mesopotamia comes in for eight years. He is put over them. In other words, after they decided to marry people they shouldn’t marry, after they then were strayed and began to serve other gods, basically just means they traded God’s law for state law.
Jeremy Walker: 17:56 Baalim means king, so Baal worship really was just state worship. Think the United States of America today, those people who believe that whatever the state says is right, those are Baal worshipers. They’ve changed God’s commandments for the commandments of men in the form of the state or otherwise.
Jeremy Walker: 18:18 Anyways, when this took place, first king comes in, and God puts them in subjection to this first king. Because they would not properly govern themselves, God put an evil person over them, who would oppress them, who would govern them not properly either. This is something that whenever we’re talking to our students, or our children, we need to understand this takes place. If we fail to understand this, then we fail to understand the Bible.
Jeremy Walker: 18:49 Moving on. Number six. God is very merciful to his children, even when they don’t deserve it. This comes down to where the Judges are really at. He sees their oppression. See, it said here, in verse nine, “when the Children of Israel cried unto the Lord, the Lord raised up a deliverer unto the children of Israel who delivered them.” this was Othniel, the very first judge.
Jeremy Walker: 19:15 The people didn’t deserve to be freed after eight years, but God is a very merciful person. The whole Book of Judges is one big cycle where God is merciful to people who do not deserve it. This goes back to even salvation itself, not just physical liberation, but spiritual liberation, is that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. In other words, God is kind and merciful, especially to those people who don’t deserve it.
Jeremy Walker: 19:48 God’s mercy is all throughout the Old Testament. Some people think that for some reason, there’s two different gods, where the god of the Old Testament was all judgment and law, and the god of the New Testament is all merciful and love and all the rest.
Jeremy Walker: 20:01 We’re not people who believe in polytheism. We don’t have multiple gods. We have one God who does not change. That means the same God in the Old Testament is the same God in the New Testament. They are not different. The way that they dealt with people is not different. It’s always been the same. That’s also very important too, because you get into this dispensational stuff, where people believe there’s different dispensations of how God deals with people. That’s just not true.
Jeremy Walker: 20:28 Moving on, number seven. God raises men and nations to power, to overthrow other men and nations, in his time and according to his plan, and his purposes.
Jeremy Walker: 20:40 The governance of the world is on Christ’s shoulders, and he does … Nebuchadnezzar said this in the Book of Daniel, think it was Daniel 4 I think, Nebuchadnezzar had lost his mind, turned basically mentally into an animal for a number of years, and then when his mind was given back to him, he said that God sits in the heavens and does whatever he wants in heaven and on earth, and there’s no man who can stay his hand or not obey him.
Jeremy Walker: 21:10 This is what we’re talking about here. God will do whatever he wants, whenever he wants, and however he wants. This is all throughout history. This is all throughout the world. No matter which nation it is, every single nation, every single war, every single leader, every single thing that’s happened since the beginning of time, it’s all been according to God’s plan and his purposes.
Jeremy Walker: 21:30 Now, we may not always know those. Going back to the Book of Job again, his 10 children were killed in one day, and he lost all this property, he lost his health, his wife turned on him, but whenever given the chance to ask God why these things took place, he wisely decided to put his hand to his mouth and not speak.
Jeremy Walker: 21:51 Now, that right there is what we’re talking about here, is people are not wise enough. They haven’t learned the lesson of Job. They haven’t learned the lesson here, about what God does is how he raises up people when he wants and how he wants, to do what he wants. In some cases, it can be to test his people. Some cases, it can be to punish them. Some cases, it can be to liberate them, but God is going to do things in his timetable, and the Book of Judges clearly goes into the cycle, and you’re going to see this as we progress through the Book of Judges.
Jeremy Walker: 22:24 Number eight. When men are prosperous and at peace, they forget God, and they begin to do as they please. This system is very important and very … If you haven’t thought of this before with your students or your children, you should. When things are going wonderful, when things are easy, men start to forget God. They do. They start to think that, once again, the Bible talks about a warning in the Old Testament with Moses, and the Israelites. He says, when you come into Canaan and whenever you prosper, whenever you have all these wonderful, beautiful things, he says, you’re going to be tempted to think that you did this for yourself, and that your hand got you all this wealth, and your hand gave you all this property and all this land, and all this wealth.
Jeremy Walker: 23:12 Because when things go well, mankind has fallen. Mankind has the proclivity to take credit where credit is not due. This right here and throughout the Book of Judges, you’re going to see this as well, is that whenever things are going well for us, we end up turning from God. Kind of like what happened here.
Jeremy Walker: 23:33 We had Othniel the judge who comes in, and the spirit of the Lord comes in. He wars against them, he wins, and then for 40 years, there was rest. For 40 years, everything was good, everything was peaceful. Then Othniel died after 40 years of peace, and as soon as Othniel died, what happened? Verse 12, “And the Children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the Lord, and therefore God strengthens Eglon, now the King of Moab, against Israel because they had done evil.” Once again, the cycle begins to hit itself again. T
Jeremy Walker: 24:10 hen of course after that, they start to oppress everybody. They steal their possessions and all the rest that goes in between. Elgon here is now going to be in charge for 18 years, and we’re going to get to the next judge, the second judge. Eglon here is the second man that God uses to beat Israel down, as a form of punishment for them.
Jeremy Walker: 24:35 Anyways, that’s what we got here for this lesson. Lesson five here, in the Book of Judges. We covered Judges 3:1-14. Hopefully I gave you lots of tips and hints and things you should think about.
Jeremy Walker: 24:50 As you’re reading the Bible, we’re going to be doing a lot more of this, the main focus we’re going to be doing with every lesson is showing you how to go through the books of the Bible, verses at a time, cover content and pull important doctrines [inaudible 00:00:25:04]
Jeremy Walker: 25:05 Now, I’m not doing it here, but you should do this, is that you should do small questions and answers as well, when you’re teaching, these are called comprehension questions, so you can ask questions about people’s names or what happened, when this happened. Basic story reminder questions and comprehension.
Jeremy Walker: 25:23 You should also do those as well. Those are very good for teaching and people remembering stories, and retaining content, and things like that. The most important part is to teach your students and your children that the Bible itself is screaming doctrines. God is trying to teach you something constantly. Here, I pulled out eight doctrines that were clearly taught here, from these 14 verses, and I can guarantee you that if somebody said, oh, where in the world are we going to find verses that shows that God will raise up evil people and all the rest.
Jeremy Walker: 25:57 Most people are not going to go into the Book of Judges, chapter three verses 1-14. It’s not going to be one of those key verses they go to. Clearly when you go through this stuff, it’s obviously there.
Jeremy Walker: 26:09 Hopefully this will help you. We’re going to end this episode with that. I do want to thank everybody for joining us again.
Jeremy Walker: 26:16 This production, this episode and more can be found on our website, at cr101radio.com. We hope you’ll tune in next time for episode six of Judges, as we’ll give you some more hints and tips, and more doctrines that can be found all throughout the Book of Judges.
Jeremy Walker: 26:35 As you move forward to here, the Book of Judges is going to start picking up. We’re going to be introducing a lot more of the more famous judges. It’s going to get a lot more exciting, especially … It’s basically one of my favorite books of the Bible, is the Book of Judges.
Jeremy Walker: 26:48 Thank you for joining us, and God bless.